Students deeply focused on solving JEE exam preparation materials at a study desk

Table of Contents

Introduction to JEE

The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is one of the most prestigious engineering entrance exams in India, conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission into the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and other top engineering colleges. Qualifying JEE opens the doors to some of the best engineering careers and prospects for students. 

With over 1 million students appearing for JEE every year, the competition is intense. Therefore, thorough preparation and strategic planning are crucial starting from early on during your 11th and 12th grades. This guide provides a comprehensive roadmap to help aspiring students successfully clear JEE and get into the engineering college of their dreams.

By going through this guide, you will gain clarity on the JEE process, avoid common mistakes, discover the most effective prep methods, get guidance on coaching vs self-study, and find the motivation needed to put your best foot forward. If you follow the tips outlined in this guide, you can conquer JEE 2024!

About JEE.

The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is a national-level entrance examination conducted for admission to undergraduate engineering programs at the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), and other top engineering colleges across India. 

The JEE has two phases – the JEE Main and the JEE Advanced. The JEE Main is the qualifying exam for JEE Advanced. Based on the performance in JEE Main, top-scoring students are shortlisted to appear for JEE Advanced.

Overview of JEE Exam:

  •  The JEE Main is conducted twice a year in January and April in Computer Based Test (CBT) mode by the National Testing Agency (NTA). 
  •  The JEE Advanced is conducted annually in May in pen-paper mode by the IITs under the guidance of the Joint Admission Board (JAB).
  • The JEE Main comprises three subjects – Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. The exam consists of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and numerical value questions.
  •  The JEE Advanced comprises two mandatory papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2. Students have to attempt questions from Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in each paper. The exam format is purely numerical value questions.
  •  The duration of JEE Main is 3 hours whereas JEE Advanced is 3 hours per paper.

Subject Tested for Exam:

  • The JEE tests students’ conceptual understanding and application capabilities in three subjects – Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. 
  • Physics – Mechanics, Waves and vibrations, Properties of matter, Heat and thermodynamics, Optics, Electrostatics, Electromagnetism, Modern physics.
  • Chemistry- Physical chemistry, Inorganic chemistry, Organic chemistry. 
  • Mathematics – Sets, relations and functions, Sequence and series, Complex numbers, Equations and inequalities, Permutations and combinations, Binomial theorem, Probability, Matrices and determinants, Limits, continuity and differentiability, Application of derivatives, Application of integrals, Differential equations.

Exam Pattern:

JEE Main Exam Pattern:

  •  Total duration: 3 hours 
  • Total number of questions: 90 
  •  Maximum marks: 300
  • Sections: Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
  • Type of questions: Objective type – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Value Questions

JEE Advanced Exam Pattern:

  • Total papers: 2 
  •  Total duration: 3 hours per paper
  • Total Questions: 54 (27 in each paper) 
  •  Maximum marks: 300
  • Sections: Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics
  • Type of questions: Only numerical value questions

Elegibility Criteria:

To be eligible for JEE Main and JEE Advanced, a candidate must fulfill the following criteria:

  • Nationality – Must be an Indian national. Foreign nationals can appear for JEE Main but not for JEE Advanced.
  • Age Limit – There is no age limit for JEE Main. For JEE Advanced, the candidate should have been born on or after October 1, 1997. 
  • Qualifying Exam – Must have passed Class 12 or equivalent qualifying exam with minimum aggregate marks. 
  • Subjects – Should have taken Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics in Class 12.
  •  No. of Attempts – JEE Main allows 3 consecutive attempts, JEE Advanced allows 2 lifetime attempts.
  • Appearing candidates – Those appearing for the qualifying exam in the same year can also apply.

Application and Registration Process:

The JEE is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). Students interested in appearing for the JEE need to complete the online application and registration process on the official website. 

The application process consists of the following steps:

  • Visit the official website – Go to []( and click on the link for the online application.
  • Create an account – You need to create a login account by providing your name, email ID, mobile number, and other basic details. 
  • Fill application form – Once logged in, you need to fill out the online application form. Provide all required details – personal information, contact details, academic details, etc accurately.
  • Upload documents – Scanned copies of photograph, signature, class 10 certificate, caste certificate (if applicable), etc need to be uploaded. The documents should be in a specified format and size. 
  • Pay application fee – Pay the JEE application fee online via credit/debit card, net banking, or UPI. The fee for the general category is Rs 650. SC/ST/PwD candidates pay Rs 325.
  • Print confirmation page – Once all steps are completed, print the final confirmation page containing the application number, etc.

The JEE application process commences months in advance. Students must complete registration within the stipulated deadlines. An application correction window is also provided to edit details later.

Admit Card:

The JEE admit card is a very important document that you need to carry to the exam hall. The admit card will be available for download about 10-15 days before the exam date on the official JEE website. It contains details like your name, roll number, exam date, timing, test center details, etc. 

When is the Admit Card Available?

The JEE admit card is released online around the second week of March for the April exam and the second week of August for the September exam. Candidates have to download the admit card from the JEE website and print a hard copy. Without the admit card candidates will not be allowed entry into the exam hall.

How to Download the Admit Card?

  • Go to the official JEE website
  • Click on the admit card download link 
  • Enter your JEE application number and date of birth
  • Submit the details
  • Your admit card will be displayed on the screen
  •  Download the admit card as a PDF file and print copies

Details Present on the Admit Card

  •  Candidate’s Name
  • Candidate’s Photograph
  • Candidate’s Signature 
  •  Roll Number
  •  Exam Date & Timing
  • Exam Center Details (Address, Google Maps Link)
  •  Instructions for Candidates
  • Controller of Examination Signature

You must ensure that all the details present on the admit card are correct. In case of any discrepancy contact the JEE organizing body immediately. Candidates must carry a printed copy of the admit card to the exam center along with a valid photo ID proof. The admit card is an important document and should be preserved safely by the candidate.

Exam Preparation Tips:

Preparing for an exam as rigorous as JEE takes dedicated study, practice, and time management. Here are some key tips for effectively preparing for the JEE:

Time Management

  • Create a study schedule that works for you – set aside at least 4-6 hours every day for JEE prep 
  • Prioritize important topics first before moving on to others
  •  Set milestones and mini-goals to stay motivated through the prep process
  • Wake up early to utilize morning hours when your mind is fresh
  •  Avoid distractions like social media and TV during dedicated study hours

 Solving Previous Papers 

  • Make it a habit to solve previous years’ JEE question papers 
  •  Analyze the type and difficulty level of questions that have appeared over the years
  • Identify your weak areas based on topics you find difficult in past papers
  • Use past papers for timed practice to build exam temperament

Taking Mocks

  •  Take regular mocks in a simulated environment 
  • Analyze your performance to identify improvement areas 
  • Work on speed and accuracy based on mock analysis
  • Take mocks seriously like the real exam to get a feel of the test format

 Focus Topics

  • Physics – Mechanics, Waves & Oscillations, Electrostatics, Modern Physics
  • Chemistry – Organic Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry 
  • Math – Coordinate Geometry, Calculus, Algebra

Mastering these core topics through rigorous practice will help you maximize your score.

 Books & Study Material

When preparing for JEE, having the right books and study materials is crucial for success. Here are some recommendations on the best JEE prep books and resources:


  • HC Verma – Considered one of the best books for JEE physics. Covers all JEE syllabus topics in detail with theory, diagrams, illustrations, and practice problems. Good for building strong physics fundamentals.
  • Irodov – Regarded as the bible for JEE physics problem-solving. Contains very advanced problems that test your grasp of concepts. Useful for the advanced problem-solving practice.
  • Resnick, Halliday & Walker – Another good book for theory and fundamentals in physics. Can be used along with HC Verma.
  • DC Pandey – Excellent book with a focus on practice problems and previous years’ JEE questions. Build speed and accuracy in problem-solving with this book.


  • OP Tandon – Comprehensive book covering the full JEE chemistry syllabus and previous years’ questions. Practice problems given are of JEE level with detailed solutions.
  • MS Chouhan – Another great practice resource with properly segregated questions from past years on each topic. Useful for topic-wise practice. 
  • Himanshu Pandey – Theory and questions are given in a concise and easy-to-grasp manner. A popular choice for JEE preparation.
  • NCERT textbooks – Cover all basics thoroughly which is required for advanced problem solving. Important foundational resource.


  • RD Sharma – For developing concepts and techniques in Mathematics. Practice exercises are also provided.
  • Cengage RD Sharma– More advanced problems are provided for JEE-level preparation. Build higher problem-solving skills. 
  • SK Goyal– Contains chapter-wise objective questions to build speed and accuracy. Test your problem-solving ability within time constraints.

 Online Lectures

Along with books, video lectures can help in understanding concepts better. Some popular options:

  • Unacademy
  •  PhysicsWallah 
  • Vedantu
  • Khan Academy 

Test Series

Attempting mock tests and previous years’ papers is important. Some good test series options are:

  • Allen Test Series
  • Aakash Test Series  
  • FITJEE Grand Masters Package (GMP)
  • Embibe Mock Tests

Practice these well and analyze them to identify your weak areas. With the right books, online lectures, and test series, you can excel in JEE!

Coaching vs Self Study

Deciding whether to join coaching classes or self-study for JEE is an important decision. Here are some of the key considerations:

Pros of Coaching Classes
  • Structured guidance from experienced faculty
  • Pre-designed study schedule and timetable 
  • Regular tests and feedback on performance
  • Motivation to study with peer groups in coaching
  • Doubt-solving support is readily available
  •  Tips and tricks to master solving questions quickly
Cons of Coaching Classes
  • Expensive fee packages, especially for long-term courses
  • Fixed classroom timings, less flexibility
  •  Dependent on coaching faculty, can’t customize study
  • Batch size may be too big for personalized attention  
Pros of Self-Study
  •  Learn at your own pace and schedule flexibility
  • One-to-one focus, more control over what to study
  • Learn techniques to self-analyze and improve 
  • Customize study plan as per own strengths/weaknesses
  • Save on coaching fees, more cost-effective
Cons of Self-Study 
  • Structuring study schedules and targets is challenging
  • Harder to stay motivated without peer competition
  • Solving doubts and assessing progress requires effort
  • May not get expertise guidance needed in all topics
  • Distractions and procrastination can derail preparation

Overall, the choice between coaching vs self-study depends on your learning style, ability to self-manage your prep, and financial capability. Many toppers do succeed through self-study with discipline and smart preparation. Coaching offers more structured guidance, at a higher cost. Evaluating honestly what would work best for you is important.

Taking The Exam

The JEE exam can be an intimidating experience if you’re not fully prepared. Here are some tips to make sure your exam day goes smoothly:

 What to Bring

  • Admit card – Don’t forget, you won’t be allowed to take the exam without it!
  • A good pen – Bring at least 2-3 pens so you have a backup in case one stops working. 
  • Water bottle – You’ll get breaks during the long exam to stay hydrated.
  •  Identity proof – Something like a driver’s license or Aadhar card with your photo.
  •  Glasses – if you need them.

Dress Code  

Make sure to adhere to the exam dress code which prohibits:

  •  Full-sleeve shirts/tops
  • Shoes or footwear with thick soles and closed-toe
  • Any type of wristwatch, rings, bracelets, pendants, chains, necklaces, earrings etc. 

Wear simple, comfortable clothes:

  •  Half-sleeve shirt/top 
  • Pants or jeans (no shorts)
  • Socks and covered shoes 

What Not to Bring

Prohibited items that will lead to disqualification:

  •  Any stationery like pen, pencil, paper, etc. 
  • Calculators, slide rules, log tables, etc.
  • Any communication devices like mobile phones. 
  • Any eatables, snacks, water etc. You’ll be provided with this at the exam center.

Make sure you don’t wear or bring any prohibited items to avoid issues on exam day.

 At the Exam Center

Once at the exam center:

  • Reach well before gate closing time 
  •  Don’t carry prohibited items with you
  • Follow all instructions from staff and invigilators
  • Verify your details on the attendance sheet 
  • Don’t panic, take deep breaths, and believe in yourself!

Stay calm and focused to ace the JEE. Trust your preparation and hard work. Good luck!

Result & Cutoff

The JEE Main result is declared by NTA in the form of scorecards that contain subject-wise percentile scores and total normalized scores. The result is announced online on the official website

Candidates who qualify for JEE Main by scoring above the required cutoff marks become eligible to appear for JEE Advanced. The minimum qualifying cutoff marks vary for different categories. 

  • General category candidates need to score at least 75% aggregate marks to qualify for JEE Main.  
  • For the SC/ST category, the minimum aggregate mark required is 65%.
  • For OBC-NCL candidates, the cutoff is 70% aggregate marks.

Based on the normalization methodology, the JEE Main 2022 cutoff marks were:

  • General: 74.3 NTA Score 
  • OBC: 63 NTA Score
  • SC: 54 NTA Score  
  • ST: 44.3 NTA Score

The cutoff marks are released separately for Paper 1 (BE/BTech) and Paper 2 (BArch/BPlanning). Cutoff also varies for each IIT and program. 

For admission to top IITs, candidates have to score above the 90+ NTA score range. The cutoff goes higher for popular programs like Computer Science Engineering.

  • After the JEE Main result, the JoSAA counseling process starts. Seats across IITs, NITs, IIITs, and other colleges accepting JEE Main scores are filled based on candidates’ preferences, ranks, and availability of seats. 
  • Multiple rounds of JoSAA counseling are conducted. Candidates who secure a rank under 35,000 can participate in JoSAA counseling for IIT admissions.

Top IIT & Programs:

The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are the most prestigious and top-ranked engineering institutes in India. Getting admission into an IIT is considered a great achievement and a stepping stone towards a successful career. Here’s an overview of some of the top IITs and their popular programs:

 IIT Bombay

  •  Consistently ranked as the top IIT and engineering college in India 
  • Offers BTech, MTech, MS, and PhD programs in various engineering and technology disciplines
  • The most popular programs are Computer Science, Electrical, Mechanical, Civil, and Chemical Engineering
  • Also has programs in Design, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Humanities, and Social Sciences

 Delhi (IIT)

  •  Second in ranking after IIT Bombay
  • Offers BTech, MTech, MSc, and Ph.D. programs in engineering, sciences, design, and management
  •  Most sought-after programs are Computer Science, Electrical, Mechanical, and Civil Engineering
  • Known for its Culture, Management, and Humanities & Social Sciences programs 

IIT Madras

  • – Offers a wide range of programs in science, engineering, humanities and management
  • Strong research programs in core engineering, computing, sciences, and interdisciplinary areas
  • Most popular for its Computer Science, Electrical, Mechanical, Aerospace, Civil, Chemical Engineering and Physics programs

 Kanpur IIT.

  • Provides education and research in science, technology, and arts
  • Popular for its Computer Science, Electrical, Mechanical, Civil, Aerospace, Biological Sciences and Materials Science programs
  • Also known for interdisciplinary programs in cognitive science, environmental engineering, nuclear engineering, etc.

 Kharagpur IIT

  •  India’s first IIT established in 1951
  •  The most sought-after branches are Computer Science, Electronics, Electrical, Mechanical, Civil, and Chemical Engineering
  • Also offers programs in Aerospace Engineering, Agricultural & Food Engineering, Architecture & Regional Planning, etc.

The IITs attract the brightest students and faculty. Their engineering programs are recognized worldwide for quality education and research. For any student aspiring to pursue engineering at the undergraduate or graduate level, getting into a top IIT can be a defining milestone.

Important Links :


Preparing for the JEE examination requires dedication, determination, and strategic planning. By following the tips and guidelines provided in this comprehensive guide, you can simplify your preparation journey and increase your chances of success in the JEE examination. Stay focused, stay motivated, and believe in yourself – success is within reach!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

  •  Can I crack JEE 2024 with self-study alone?

Yes, it’s possible to crack JEE 2024 with self-study alone, but it will require dedication, discipline, and effective study strategies.

  • How important are mock tests in JEE preparation?

Mock tests are extremely important in JEE preparation as they simulate the actual exam conditions, help assess your readiness, improve time management skills, and boost confidence.

  • Is it possible to balance JEE preparation with school studies?

Yes, it is possible to balance JEE preparation with school studies by creating a structured study schedule, prioritizing tasks, and managing time effectively.

  • What are some effective time management strategies for JEE aspirants?

Some effective time management strategies for JEE aspirants include creating a study schedule, setting specific goals, breaking tasks into smaller chunks, minimizing distractions, and prioritizing high-value activities.

Scroll to Top